Human reparation The law required that „victims of trespassing“ be made for sins against a neighbor (theft, deception, dishonesty, extortion, preservation of lost property, or damage to property). These crimes included „infidelity“ to God and disturbed community and peace between people. They were to be atoned for by a sacrifice of guilt to God and a „reparation“ to the damaged neighbor. The Atonement and forgiveness of sin was received after reparations were made for the sacrifice. The offering of sin to God always followed the act of reparation. Old Testament law established a principle of „punishment for conforming to crime“ (life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, wound for injury). Restitution was in line with this concept of justice. Stolen goods must be returned or „full“ compensation must be paid. The guidelines for full compensation also included a provision for punitive damages (up to five times what had been lost), a justice that went beyond an „eye for an eye.“ Arrangements have been made for complications in this process (Exodus 22:3). The act of making amends for a sacrifice was so closely identified with the Atonement to God that both phrases could be considered elements of the same commandment. None of them could stand alone. Concrete examples of this law in motion are not to be found, but the principle in action is found (1 Kings 20:34; 2 Kings 8:6; Nehemiah 5:10–12).
There is no legal or ritual application of this commandment in the New Testament; However, the principle of compensation is clearly presented in the story of Zacchaeus (Luke 19:1-10). Jesus implicitly confirmed the practice when he exhorted disciples to „reconcile“ with a brother before offering a gift to God (Matthew 5:23-24). „Many sins deceive our neighbor. What is possible must be done to repair the damage (for example. B, return stolen property, restore the reputation of a slandered person, pay compensation for injuries). Simple righteousness requires so many things (that is, it is not necessary to be taught by God to do so, but it is fixed in our conscience (Romans 1:15); it is the natural law). But sin also hurts and weakens the sinner himself and his relationship with God and neighbor. Absolution removes sin, but it does not eliminate all the disturbances that sin has caused. Resurrected from sin, the sinner must still regain his full mental health by doing something more to make amends for sin: he must „satisfy“ or „atone“ for his sins.
This satisfaction is also called „repentance.“ Slavery (31 occurrences). he shall make amends; if he has nothing, he shall be sold for his flight“ (Exodus 22:2, 3). (8) Birth. . (7) By refund. …/s/slavery.htm – 36k The young man`s act of reparation was necessary for at least three reasons. We will come back to why. This is in stark contrast to the prevailing notion that entire classes or ethnicities owe an almost incalculable debt to other disadvantaged classes. While we should not ignore the cumulative effects of injustice, the biblical principles that govern reparation for the oppressed are limited to the realm of direct and measurable offenses. As for reparation for the sin of ancestors, Scripture is visibly silent, although biblical authors have had ample opportunity to address such issues in the history of God`s covenant nation.
The offer of compensation is like the sacrifice of sin; The law is the same for both. It belongs to the priest who atones for it. Think of an incident where a drunk driver kills a child or a person commits adultery. How did David make amends for his adultery with Bathsheba or the murder of her husband (2 Samuel 11)? How can money make a grieving family whole again? How can money restore marital infidelity? So let`s look at the „what“, the „how“ and the „why“ of restitution. Acts 3:21 Who heaven is to receive up to the times of compensation for all the things that God has said through the mouths of all His holy prophets since the world began. (KJV WBS YLT) 6 Then he must bring his sacrifice of compensation to the Lord: an immaculate ram of the flock according to your assessment of its value as a sacrifice of reparation for the priest. .